Anxiety is primarily treated through cognitive-behaviour therapy by a psychologist. The idea behind this type of therapy is that anxiety is caused more by the sufferers beliefs and thoughts in response to an event or situation; more so than the event itself. As such it is not the event itself which causes anxiety, but the sufferers interpretation of the event.
These beliefs and thoughts are usually automatic, negative and irrational. Cognitive-behaviour therapy aims to help identify these unhelpful beliefs and thought patterns and replace them with more helpful and positive ways of thinking.
Additionally Cognitive-behaviour therapy aims to change behaviours associated with anxiety such as avoidance and restlessness. This is achieved through methods such as learning relaxation techniques and by changing how the sufferer handles certain situations.
Other than cognitive-behaviour therapy, anxiety can also be treated through medication as well as lifestyle changes (such as reduction in caffeine intake, increase in exercise and dietary changes).
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